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Chiropractic Research & Case Studies

Want to know if chiropractic can help certain conditions?  Read this regularly updated blog to find out about chiropractic and low back pain, neck pain, migraine headaches, chronic fatigue, herniated discs and many other conditions.  Feel free to add your comments, share your thoughts and tell your story if you like!  This blog is full of helpful information, current research and case studies about chiropractic and different conditions.  See the bottom of the blogs for the information source to reference if you like.



    Medical Errors

       Medication errors occur in 12 to 14 percent of hospital patients, although most of these errors do not result in injury.  36 percent of all patients admitted to a university medical service sustained injury at the hands of a medical professional.  One-fourth of those injuries were serious or life-threatening.  Although medical personnel in an intensive care unit performed 99 percent of their tasks correctly, each patient was subjected to 1.7 errors per day in the Intensive Care Unit, and almost 30 percent of the errors were potentially serious or life-threatening.

    SOURCE: Prescribing errors in a teaching hospital, Journal of American Medical Association, 1990. Iatrogenic illness at a university hospital, New England Journal of Medicine, 1981.  Causes of human errors in a medical ICU, 1989.  Human Factors Society annual meeting.


    Some Hysterectomies May Be Unnecessary

       One out of every three women in the U.S. has her uterus removed.  The RAND Corporation, a nonprofit research group, found 25 percent of those hysterectomies questionable and another 16 percent were labeled as having no justification at all for the operation.  One should get a second opinion before having a hysterectomy performed, preferably by a holistic doctor.

    SOURCE: Consumer Reports on Health newsletter, March, 1998.


    Study Dispels Back Pain Medical Myth

       For years, the medical profession has told patients that 80-90% of attacks of low back pain recover in about six weeks, irrespective of treatment.  Now a study published in the British Medical Journal dispels this myth.
       463 adult low back pain patients were followed from thier first visit to a general practitioner through the following 12 months.  The authors of the study said: "By three months after the index consultation with their general practitioner, only a minority of patients with low back pain had recovered.  There was little increase in the proportion who reported recovery by 12 months, emphasizing the recurrent and persistent nature of this problem.  However, most patients with low back pain did not return to their doctor about their pain within three months of their initial consultation, and only 8% continued to consult for more than three months."
       The message from this study is clear: When patients go to the MD for low back pain and the treatment does not effectively address the problem, the patients do not return to the MD for their back pain.  This however does not mean the problem has gone away.  It was found that of the 463 back pain patients, after 12 months, 75% of them still experienced pain or disability.
       The authors of the study concluded: "These figures simply do not fit with claims that 90% of episodes of low back pain end in complete recovery."

    SOURCE: Waddell G. A new clinical model for the treatment of low back pain. Spine 1987; 12:632-44. Croft, PR, Macfarlane, GJ, Papageogiou AC, Thomsas E, Silman AJ. BMJ 1998; 316:1356-9.

    At Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic, we also find that low back/disc problems do not disappear completely on their own and require treatment.  Without proper treatment, the involved spinal disc may deteriorate and develop degenerative disc disease.

  4. Survey Reveals What People Don't Like About Doctors

       Every year thousands of people terminate their relationships with their medical doctors.  A survey reveals the top eight complaints people have about doctors:
       8) Unpleasant office staff
       7) Didn't protect patient's medical privacy
       6) Discouraged second opinions
       5) Ordered too many tests
       4) Couldn't diagnose the problem
       3) Never on schedule
       2) Vague and evasive
       1) Poor bedside manner

    SOURCE: From Dr. John Connolly author of: How to Find the Best Doctors, Hospitals and HMOs for You and Your Family. Reported in Muscle and Fitness magazine, November, 1995.


    Can Smoking Cause Spinal Disk Degeneration?

       It is generally accepted that back pain complaints are influenced by a variety of factors, and based on the findings of several epidemiologic studies, smoking has been added to the list of suspected risk factors.  Although not all studies have found smoking to be associated with increased incidence of back symptoms, the majority have revealed an association.
       A study was done of 19 pairs of identical male twins ranging from 36 to 60 years of age.  Each twin pair included a non-smoker and a smoker.  Each twin underwent a series of tests to determine if smoking had an effect on their spinal health.  The primary source of evaluation was MRI examination.
       The study concluded that greater disc degeneration was present in the lumbar discs of smokers, as compared with non-smokers, supporting the hypothesis that smoking promotes disc degeneration.  The specific mechanism through which smoking may act, however, is not clear, according to the study.

    SOURCE: Smoking and lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration, Barrie Et Al, Spine, Volume 16, 1991.

    *Degenerative disc disease is very common and safe to be treated with Gonstead chiropractic care.  Many of our patients at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic have degenerative disc disease.


    Reversal of Osteoarthritis by Nutritional Intervention

       Osteoarthritis is thought (wrongly) to be a normal consequence of aging, caused by routine "wear and tear" on joints.  Also, it is thought that cartilage cannot heal itself, which is not completely true.
       It is estimated osteoarthritis disables approximately 5 million Americans per year.  Now there is evidence of two categories of nutrients found to aid in the reversal of osteoarthritis.  Chondroprotective agents promote the repair of cartilage.  The two major categories of chondroprotective nutrients are: 1) Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) which are the major structural components of cartilage.  The most commonly supplemented GAG is chondroitan sulfate.  2) Antioxidants which can cause inhibition of free radical damage to cartilage and decrease pro-inflammatory substances.  The most common supplements consist of Vitamin C, E and superoxids dismutase.  Osteoarthritis can be reversable by chondroprotective agents if the following conditions are met:
              1. Cartilage remains intact over joint surfaces
              2. Subchondral bone is intact
              3. Lifestyle changes are made to reduce pressure on affected joints
              4. Analgesic use is kept to a minimum or ideally, is not used
              5. Consistent daily nutritional supplementation
              6. Enough time is given to see effects

    SOURCE: ACA Journal of Chiropractic/November 1990.

    *Dr. Levesque recommends a very specific and extremely effective nutritional supplement program to his patients with degenerative disc disease and osteoarthritis during their treatment at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic, PC.


    Diet Drug "Fen/Phen" Is Found To Be Harmful

       The latest drug therapy being prescribed to help people lose weight is a combination of fenfluramine and phenteramine, known as "fen/phen".  This drug is being heavily marketed by medical doctors and drug companies.  Researchers from the Mayo Clinic released results of a study, in which 24 women who had been taking the diet drug developed deformed heart valves.  Eight also developed pulmonary hypertension.  Either condition is potentially life threatening.  The researchers released an emergency warning about the new risks associated with fen/phen, but the FDA said it would continue to allow doctors to prescirbe the drug anyway.
       Some critics accuse the medical profession of refusing to promote exercise and healthful eating habits because there is more money to be made by writing prescriptions.  In 1996, 18 million prescriptions were written for fen/phen.
    Note: As of this writing, fenfluramine and phenteramine has been banned in the state of Florida.

    SOURCE: "Weight control products popular; some with major side effects," by Roger M. Russell, M.D., Journal of the American Medical Association, June 18, 1997.

    *Dr. Levesque, D.C. helps many of his patients at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic with personally tailored nutrition plans and weight loss regimens and he does not condone the use of drugs.


    Rheumatoid Arthritis, Chiropractic And Nutrition

       Rheumatoid arthritis may be helped by chiropractic adjustments, changes in nutrition and lifestyle changes.  The following is a recommended nutritional therapy for rheumatoid arthritis:
    Recommended Supplements
    Omega-3 fatty acids         600 mg/3x a day
    Zinc                                30 mg/4x a day
    Vitamin E                        500 mg/2x a day
    Beta Carotene                 25,000 IU/2x a day
    Secondary Considerations
    Omega-6 fatty acids         1000 mg/4x a day
    Folic acid                        400 mg/2x a day
    Manganese                     10 mcg/2x a day
    Calcium                          1200-1500 mg/1x a day
    Vitamin D                        200 IU/2x a day
    Vitamin K                        5-10 mg/3x a day
    Dietary/Lifestyle Considerations
    Avoid smoking.
    Limit the intake of foods containing caffeine.
    Low fat diet (Less than 30g/day).
    Encourage intake of fruits and vegetables.
    Avoid fried foods.
    Regular chiropractic spinal adjustments.

    SOURCE: Current Nutritional Therapy: A Clinical Reference.

    *Chiropractic care is very safe for patients who have rheumatoid arthritis and we treat many of them at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic.  Dr. Levesque is also experienced in writing nutrition plans for rheumatoid arthritis as well as many other disease conditions.


    Unnecessary Medical Testing

       Based on a University of Michigan research study, David J. Doukas, M.D. released an article which focused on numerous and often times unnecessary tests performed on patients and how this practice has caused American health care costs to skyrocket.
       The article described several potential risks involved to the patients having these tests, including:
              ~ Reliance on ill-researched screening tests.
              ~ False impressions of zero-risk outcomes after testing, which could lead the patient to make an uninformed medical decision.
              ~ Inaccurate, false-positive results, which then lead to additional, increasingly invasive and unnecessary tests, not to mention undue stress and
                 anxiety for the patient.
       Instead of education patients about the risks involved, many doctors simply give these tests upon demand by the patients themselves.  The research team also revealed that doctors often provide controversial screening tests for nothing other than liability purposes; because they fear a potential lawsuit from a patient who could later develop a disease.  The article states, "For most diseases for which there is a potential screening test, the effectiveness of screening is controversial."

    SOURCE: As reported in Health Watch, Vol. 2, No. 8, pg. 5: "Ethical Considerations in the Provision of Controversial Screening Tests," Archives of Family Medicine, Oct. 17, 1997.


    U.S. Government Report Says Chiropractic Is Best For Low Back Pain

       According to a government study done by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, spinal manipulation is the most effective treatment for acute lower back pain.  Lower back pain is suffered, at one time or another, by up to 80% of adult Americans.  Next to the common cold, it is the most common reason men and women visit primary care physicians.
       For lower back pain this is some of what the report recommends:
    1. Spinal manipulation by a chiropractor.
    2. Low-stress exercise such as walking, swimming or biking, if the problems are "mild or moderate".
    3. More rigorous "conditioning exercises" for the trunk muscles to start and gradually increase after the first two weeks of pain.

    SOURCE: Chicago-Sun Times, Thursday, December 8, 1994.


    Back Surgery's Black Hole

       Spinal surgery is performed on thousands of adults each year and ranks only behind Caesarean section as a cause for surgical hospitalization.  There is such a wide range of practice patterns, diagnoses and treatments in the area of spinal surgeries, that a high rate of variability has emerged.  This variability has created a black hole into which the scientific basis for validity and effectiveness of back surgeries disappears.
       Scientific literature is virtually devoid of randomized, controlled clinical trials which document certain back surgery procedures.  Studies are conflicting.  For example, one study revealed that unsatisfactory long-term relief of symptoms after back surgeries is reported in 15-40% of patients.  Another study shows that 70% of those who have had surgery for low back pain still report pain 4-17 years after surgery.
       Chiropractic offers a patient-oriented, conservative approach to the treatment of back pain.  This approach has yielded patient satisfaction and has been proven to be effective through randomized, controlled clinical trials.  The high levels of chiropractic patient satisfaction are significantly unprecedented when weighed against the failure rates of low back surgeries.

    SOURCE: Chiropractic for Low Back Pain: An Alternative to Surgery; Callahan & Cianciulli; Foundation for Chiropractic Education and Research, Publication #9676.

    *At Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic, we evaluate and treat many post-spinal surgery cases; they are complex and some of our favorite cases.  Unfortunately we also have to help many of them with Social Security Disability as their spinal surgery has left them disabled and worse than before the procedure.


    Fleeing The Ineffectiveness of Traditional Medicine

       Traditional medicine, using mainly drugs and sometimes surgery, most often cannot handle chronic pain.  One-third of all Americans now use alternative treatments to take care of what traditional medicine cannot treat.  In 1990, Americans made 425 million visits to alternative-care providers (more than all visits to conventional medical doctors).  Chiropractors make up the bulk of "alternative care" providers.
       More than 33 million Americans suffer from arthritis; 23 million from migraines; and as many as 80 percent of Americans will, at one time or another, suffer from back pain.  It is the mysteriousness of chronic pain that has medical doctors puzzled and prescribing medications so liberally. 
       Conventional medical doctors treat chronic pain with conventional medicine's "magic bullets": analgesics, muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatories, steroids and addictive narcotics.  These "magic bullets" simply don't work and the side effects of addiction to pain killers, among other things, often are more devastating than the original chronic pain.
       One reason for the flight from conventional medicine is that many patients are coming to realize that taking a pill is not going to cure their problem, but merely put a band-aid on it - until the band-aid falls off.  Chiropractic treats the underlying CAUSE of the symptom, not just the symptom.  That is why chiropractic gets results for chronic pain where traditional medicine often fails and resorts to drugs and unnecessary surgeries.

    SOURCE: Guernsey, Diane. Alternative Medicine. Town & Country Monthly, Jan. 1997 v150 n5200. 97-108.

    *At Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic, we use non-invasive, painless, natural methods to help our patients with chronic pain.


    Chiropractic Effective For Treating Infantile Colic

       A recent randomized controlled trial showed that chiropractic manipulation was more effective than drug therapy for infantile colic.  The Danish National Health Service recruited 50 infants meeting the criteria for colic.  After they were reviewed and monitored, they were randomly assigned to two groups: one was given the drug dimethicone for two weeks.  The second group received chiropractic spinal manipulation for two weeks.
       The 25 infants under chiropractic care received motion palpation to locate "articulations" mostly found in the upper and mid-thoracic areas.  These infants received 3.8 adjustments.  During the two week assessment, parents kept colic diaries.
       All 25 infants in the manipulation group completed the 13 days of treatment.  But the dimethicone group had nine dropouts.  Five dropped out before the first week's diary could be completed.  The study did register, however, the subjective evaluation of the 4 of the 5 in the dimethicone group that quit: two described their child's condition as "worsened" and two others described it as "much worsened".
       The infants receiving adjustments went from 3.0 hours of colic hours per day to 1.2 hours at Day 11.  The dimethicone group went from 3.4 hours of colic to 2.4 hours per day.  The authors said, "By excluding data from the dropouts, we are excluding more severe cases from the dimethicone group, and this has the effect of making the group appear better than it actually was."

    SOURCE: Wiberg JMM, Nordsteen J, Nilsson N. The short term effect of spinal manipulation in the treatment of infantile colic: A randomized controlled clilnical trial with a blinded observer. Journal of Manipulative Physiological Therapy, 1999; 22:517-522.

    *Chiropractic care is totally safe for kids and Dr. Levesque, DC treats many children at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic with Gonstead and N.A.E.T. allergy elimination treatments.


    Hepatitis B Vaccine Under Fire

       The ongoing debate over the safety of the hepatitis B vaccine is rasing questions on both the state and national levels.  On July 8, 1999, the Association of American Physicians and Surgeons (AAPS), an independent organization representing more than 4,000 doctors, recommended an immediate moratorium on the mandatory hepatitis B vaccinations for children.
       The position of the AAPS may signal the start of a trend in which consumers and physicians alike begin to question mandatory vaccination policies.  Hepatitis B is most commonly found in people who have had promiscuous, unprotected sex, hemophiliacs, and intravenous drug users.
       Despite the low number of pediatric hepatitis B cases in the U.S., a vaccine for the disease was made available in 1982 and has been in general use ever since.  The National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC) issued a report which stated that of the millions of children born in the U.S. between July 1, 1990 and October 31, 1998, a total of 24,775 adverse events, including 439 deaths allegedly linked to the vaccine, were reported to the FDA.
       Michael Belkin, a financial and economic forecaster from Manhattan, voiced his opinion on the hepatits B vaccination after his five-week-old daughter died from complications of the vaccine, "Look in any neurology textbook and it will tell you about post-vaccinal encephalomyelitis, brain swelling following vaccination.... [this vaccination] is the Ford Pinto of the vaccine world with the exploding gas tank.  It should not be given to newborns or small children."

    SOURCE: Dynamic Chiropractic online, www.chiroweb.com, August 1999.


    Surgery Could Contribute To Dangerous Pressure Ulcers

       Each year more than 1.5 million hospitalized patients develop pressure ulcers (also known as bed sores) resulting in 60,000 deaths at an estimated annual cost of up to $10 billion to the nation's health care system.  Surgical patients are often subject to prolonged immobility, which can result in unrelieved pressure and impaired blood flow to the skin. 
       Because patients are under anesthesia, they are unable to perceive discomfort or reposition themselves.  The unrelieved pressure, particularly at bony prominances, can disrupt blood flow and cause irreversible soft-tissue damage.  James Ramsay, M.D., Director of Critical Care Service and Associate Professor of Anesthesiology in the cardiothoracic division, Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, says "These ulcers are not simple bruises.  Patients suffer severe physical pain and, for those afflicted with a high degree of tissue damage, these wounds can potentially lead to fatal infections."
       The potential for pressure ulcers from surgery is another reason to practice preventative medicine and perhaps reduce the risk of ever needing surgery.

    SOURCE: "Researchers Expose Hidden Risk of Pressure Ulcers in the Operating Room." Media Advisory, Versaggi Biocommunications, March 11, 1998.


    Aspartame Food Additive Gets Health Complaints

       Aspartame is a food additive 18 to 20 times sweeter than sugar, which is used in many products such as diet drinks, and is the generic name commercially known as Nutrasweet.  Aspartame consists of:
    - 50% Phenylalanine
    - 40% Aspartic Acid
    - 10% Methyl Alcohol
    Methyl alcohol is a toxic, colorless, flammable liquid.  The Food and Drug Administration reported 5,064 Aspartame related health complaints.

    SOURCE: Nutrivoice Newsletter, P.O. Box 946, Oak Park, Illinois 60303.


    Does Exercise Increase Appetite?

       According to a review in the Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, involving more than 30 studies on eating and exercise, exercise does not increase appetite.  This finding is contrary to the popular belief that exercise causes one to eat more and thus has little effect on weight loss.  Researchers found no sign that exercise has any overall effect on what a person eats over the course of a day or on what an overweight person eats over many days.  The article did state, however, that exercise does seem to boost appetite in the long run among people who are already lean.

    SOURCE: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. As reported in Consumer Reports on Health, June 1998.

  18. Natural Supplements Can Support Good Eye Health

       25 Years of clinical studies by European researchers found that two antioxidant vitamins used in conjunction with the protein glutathione can help promote better health for the eyes.  The number one source of blindness is clouding of the lens.  Most cases of lens clouding are age related, but they also can be triggered by blood sugar problems and trauma and nerve interference. According to the National Society for the Prevention of Blindness, 75% of people over 65 years of age have this clouding of the lens - it's the reason why surgery is the largest expense billed to medicare.  The lens clouding is not a growth covering the eye, rather it occurs when the lens of the eye has become opaque.  It occurs in two stages.  First, there is a swelling of the fibers in the lens of the eye.  Secondly, there is a chemical process known as oxidation.  A protein change happens in the eye primarily due to an increase in free radicals; these molecular terrorists break down the structural proteins, enzymes, and cell membranes of the lens.
       German and French researchers, have discovered the protein glutathione can help stop the initial swellling of the fibers in the lens of the eye.  Dr. Otto Hockwin from Bonn University, Germany, used eye drops composed of three amino acids - cysteine, glycine, and glutamic acid - in the eyes of laboratory animals.  Dr. Hockwin observed that the amino acids were carried into the lens and once there, stimulated production of the protein, glutathione.  His studies indicated that it was glutathione which inhibited the lens of the eye from becoming clouded or opaque. 
      Chanvin-Blanche Laboratories in France, also reported significant positive results when using an eye drop containing cysteine, glycine, and glutamine.  In addition, European and American researchers have established that antioxdant vitamins, such as C and E, and minerals like copper, manganese, selenium, and zinc can help those suffering from the initial stages of cloudiness, thus slowing the deterioration of vision. 
       Dr. James Robertson, University of Western Ontario, compared 175 people with and without cloudy lens problems.  He found the group without lens opacity had ingested an average of 400 international units of vitamin E and 300 milligrams of vitamin C daily, for an average of five years.  Dr. Robertson concluded that taking Vitamin C alone could improve your chances of clear vision by 70%.  He also noted that taking vitamin E was also beneficial, helping to improve vision by 50%.

    SOURCE:  Hockwin, 1978, Albrecht Von Gruefes Arch Klin Exp Ophthalmol. Robertson, 1991.  American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 53: 346S-51S.


    Vitamins Could Reduce Birth Defect Costs By 40%

       According to an article published in the Western Journal of Medicine, $20 billion dollars in annual hospital charges are potentially avoidable nationwide if expecting mothers took daily doses of certain vitamins.  Results of the study suggest that, based on published risk reduction statistics and information, that annual hospital charges could be reduced for birth defects by 40%, premature births could be reduced by 60%, and coronary heart disease by 38%.  For the conditions studied, nearly $20 billion in hospital charges could have been potentially avoidable with the daily use of folic acid and zinc-containing mulit-vitamins by all women of childbearing age, and daily vitamin E supplementation by those over 50.

    SOURCE: Western Journal of Medicine, 1997; (166) pp 306-12, Bendich A, Mallick R, Leader S. Potential health economic benefits of vitamin supplementation.

    *Dr. Levesque recommends Standard Process Whole Food Vitamin supplements to many patients as an adjunct to spinal and allergy corrective treatments at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic.

  20. Soy-Containing-Food May Reduce the Risk of Cancer

       In 1968 Dr. Kenneth Cooper revolutionized the fitness industry when he published "Aerobics"-the first time anyone had heard the word.  Through his own findings he proved specifically how exercise prevented disease and contributed to a longer, healthier life.  Thirty years later in his book. "Advanced Nutritional Therapy," Dr. Cooper bridged the gap between fadism and scientific legitimacy relating to vitamins.  According to Dr. Cooper a natural substance called phytoestrogens found in high levels in soy products and flaxseed are very effective in reducing menopausal symptoms and probably in reducing prostate cancer.
       Japanese women have a lot less breast cancer than do Americans, and Japanese men a lot less prostate cancer.  But when the Japanese move to the U.S., Dr. Copper illustrates, they have the same problems Americans have.  "So it's not particularly their genetics.  It may be the high intake of soy containing food, which is a great source of phytoestrogens."  Dr. Cooper states that drug companies aren't interested in soy because there's no money in it.  Soy can't be patented, therefore cannot be sold as a prescription drug.

    SOURCE:  Health and Wellness, May 1998, HEALTH & FITNESS SPORTS MAGAZINE.

  21. Problem-Free Prostate

       While prostate problems are becoming increasing more common-place, the medical solutions are invasive and can be dangerous.  There are several natural measures one can take to both promote prostate health and help prevent difficulties.
    1.  Lessen congestion to lower pelvic area by improving the blood and energy flow to the prostate region.  Chronic conditions like constipation, low back pain, scar tissue, and injury can all affect this flow.  Receive chiropractic treatments and increase fiber and water intake.
    2.  Eat a prostate healthy diet.  Soy products may help.  Sunflower and pumpkin seeds also have a positive effect on symptoms for both BPH* and prostatitis.
    3.  Supplement with nutrients that aid in prostate function.
         a)  Zinc (chelated 50 to 75 mg or picolinate 30 to 60 mg).
         b)  Vitamin E
         c)  Two tablespoons of liquid flaxseed oil or one tablespoon of cod liver oil.
         d)  50 mg of B complex.
         e)  Vitamin A/betacarotene (10,000 to 15,000 IU of each).
         500 mg each of selenium, evening primrose oil. and the amino acids  glutamine, alanine, and lysine.
    4.  Try these herbs:  320 mg of saw palmetto extract daily.  50 to 100 mg og pygeum africamum (the bark of an African evergreen) daily.

    *BPH:  The condition in which the prostate becomes enlarged.

    SOURCE:  Natural Health Magazine May/June 1997.  Taken from Glenn Rothfield, M.D. Formula for Treating Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)


    Even Small Gains In Weight May Boost Blood Pressure

       Data from the Nurses' Health Study of 80,000 women showed that those who had gained even 5 to 10 lbs. since age 18 were about one-third more likely to develop high blood pressure versus women who had gained less weight.  This is according to findings in the Annals of Internal Medicine.  It was found the greater the weight gain, the greater the hypertension risk.  Conversely, for those who gained less weight, or none at all, there was less risk of hypertension.

    SOURCE: Consumer Reports on Health, June 1998.


    Niacin Gives Cholesterol a 1-2 Punch!

       In his new book, Cholesterol Control Without Diet, William B. Parsons, Jr., M.D., tells why niacin is an effective and safe means of lowering and maintaining proper blood cholesterol levels.  Niacin, unlike drugs designed to reduce cholesterol, does everything right.  It reduces bad cholesterol, lowers triglycerides, increases good cholesterol, and has favorable effects on several recently discovered components of blood cholesterol.  No other drug does all these things, or even the first two.
       Parsons says that if every doctor were "good at niacin" more than 90% of patients with cholesterol problems could have the vitamin's distinct advantages at a cost one-sixth to one-tenth of the expensive statins, the best-selling cholesterol-contol drugs.  Dr. Parson's book is available through Lilac Press, P.O. Box 1365 Scottsdale, AZ, 85252-1356, 800-852-4890.

    SOURCE: International Council for Health Freedom, Vol. II., Nos. 3-4.


    Broccoli And Cancer Reduction

       John Hopkins University researchers report that three-day-old broccoli "sprouts" have 20-50 times as much of the anti-cancer compound sulforaphane as a full grown head of broccoli.  Rats that had been exposed to a potent carcinogen developed about 50% less tumors than usual when given the broccoli sprout extracts.  Broccoli sprouts can be found in some supermarkets and specialty stores.  If a local health food store in your area doesn't carry them you can request that they do.

    SOURCE: Consumer Reports on Health, April 1998.


    Link Between Dietary Fats and Breast Cancer

       Not long ago it was generally believed there was a link between consumption of fat and breast cancer.  One major reason for this belief was studies done of women who lived in countries where per capita consumption of fat was lower, and who also had a lower incidence of breast cancer.  Though long-term studies showing the relationship between dietary fat and breast cancer are not complete and health professionals may disagree, there is much evidence to suggest there is no link between breast cancer and dietary fats.  An eight year study of 89,494 women nurses, 34 through 59 years of age, concluded no evidence of any positive association between total fat intake and breast cancer.

    SOURCE: As reported in In Practice Magazine, April 1998.


    Essential Fatty Acid May Help With Depression

       DHA (Docosahexaenoic acid) is an essential fatty acid that may help with depression.  North Americans have some of the lowest DHA levels of any population on earth, due, some scientists believe, to the fact that Americans gnerally eat less seafood than people in other cultures.  The DHA level of breast milk in Japanese women is estimated to be about three times that of American women.
       Low levels of DHA are linked to insufficient brain and vision development in infants, Alzheimer's disease, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and depression.  An article in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition states, "Societies consuming large amounts of fish and omega-3 fatty acids appear to have lower rates of major depression." 
       According to one study cited, North American and European populations exhibited cumulative rates of depression ten times that of a Taiwanese population that consumed a diet much richer in fresh fish.  DHA supplements include those derived from fish oil and those from algae.  You can find DHA supplements from each of these sources at most health food stores.

    SOURCE: Natural Health, January-February, 1998.  The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

    Dr. Levesque sells a very pure blend of fish oil/essential fatty acids as a supplement to his patients at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic.


    Medical Errors Cause Up To 98,000 Deaths Per Year

       According to a report released on November 29, 1999, as many as 98,000 Americans die unnecessarily each year as a result of mistakes made by medical doctors, pharmacists and other medical professionals.  More Americans die from medical mistakes than breast cancer, highway accidents or AIDS as reported by the Institute of Medicine, an arm of the National Academy of Sciences.  Those deaths, along with serious but non-fatal reactions to other medical blunders cost the nation $29 billion per year, the congresionally chartered research group concluded.
       William C. Richardson, President of the W.K. Kellog Foundation and the chairman of the expert committee that compiled this blunt, 223-page report had this to say: "These stunningly high rates of medical errors, resulting in deaths, permanent disability and unnecessary suffering, are simply unacceptable in a medical system that promises first to 'do no harm'."
       Medical errors can range from a simple miscommunication about a drug's name during a telephone call between doctor and nurse to the erroneous programming of a complex medical device at the end of a busy hospital night shift.  The report concludes that most errors occur because of the cumulative opportunities for human error that arise in today's complex medical system.

    SOURCE: The Washington Post, November 30, 1999.


    Hospital Infections Rising

       The Center for Disease Control researchers report that while hospital stays are growing shorter, the relative incidence of hospital acquired infections is increasing.  In the past 20 years, patients have picked up 36% more disease while in the hospital.  About two million people suffer nosocomial (hospital induced) infections each year in the United States; about 90,000 die as a result.  Researchers blame the problem on increased use of invasive procedures and indiscriminate antibiotic therapy.

    SOURCE: Reuter, in an interview with Dr. William Jarvis of the CDC, March 11, 1998.


    Arthritis Sufferers Choose Chiropractic!

       According to a recent survey, 63% of chronic arthritis sufferers use "complementary and alternative medicine."  Chiropractic ranked among the highest in terms of patient satisfaction and use.  Of 232 patients surveyed, 146 reported using at least one form of complementary and alternative medicine for their rheumatoid condition.  Chiropractic was the #1 choice of these therapies with almost 31% trying chiropractic at least once.
       73% of the patients in the study found chiropractic to be helpful.  Curiously, only 45% of these patients informed their primary physicians about their alternative treatments.  In summary, 57% of all arthritic patients surveyed were using some sort of alternative treatment to control pain, with chiropractic high on the list.

    SOURCE: Rao JK, Mihaliak K, Kroenke K, Bradley J, Tierney WM, Weinberger M. Use of complimentary therapies for arthritis among patients of rheumatologists.  Ann Intern Med 1999;131:409-416.

    *We treat many patients with different types of arthritis at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic.


    Multiple Sclerosis Responds to Chiropractic - Case Study

       Clinical: A 32 year old male presented for chiropractic care.  His symptoms were numbness in the lower trunk, which extended to his legs and feet on both sides, front and back.  There was a family history suggestive of multiple sclerosis.  A second opinion medical neurological evaluation also pointed to MS symptoms.
       Intervention and Outcome: Conservative chiropractic manual adjustments were provided to address spinal segmental dysfunction.  The patient reported complete absence of symptoms following the first treatment intervention.  It was at this time that a second opinion with a medical neurologist was recommended, in order to rule out other possiblities and to confirm the diagnosis.
       Conclusion: Manual adjustive therapies appear to be responsible for the dramatic symptomatic relief experienced by this patient diagnosed with MS.  The relative risk-to-benefit ratio suggests that this approach may be appropriate as an alternative symptom management approach to MS patients.  Future research is recommended.

    SOURCE: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 16(9):595-600.

    *Dr. Levesque also has experience treating patients with MS; working with their spinal/musculoskeletal problems as well as personalized nutrition programs.


    Infant Recovers From Palsy With Chiropractic

       Birth trauma remains an under-publicized and therefore an unrecognized under treated problem.  Spinal cord and brainstem injuries often occur during the birth process, but these injuries frequently escape diagnosis.  Forceps delivery and/or rotation, and vacuum extractor methods are frequently the causes of these types of insidious injuries.
       CASE STUDY:
       A 5-week old infant boy suffered from a limp left arm.  A clinical diagnosis of Erb-Duchene Palsy was determined.  Birth records were unobtainable to determine any type of assisted intervention.  The patient received specific chiropractic adjustments to the mid-cervical spine along with muscle stimulation therapy and an upper extremity exercise regimen.
       The Erb's Palsy resolved with only mild residual deformity within two months of treatment.  In this case, chiropractic adjustments with muscle stimulation therapy is suggested as an effective treatment for infantile Erb's Palsy.  Further studies are suggested.

    SOURCE: Journal of Manipulative & Physiological Therapeutics, 17(2):129-31.

    *Dr. Levesque treats many children at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic for numerous different conditions with specific Gonstead Chiropractic care and N.A.E.T. allergy elimination treatments.


    PMS Improved With Chiropractic

       A recent study was performed to determine the effectiveness of chiropractic for reducing symptoms associated with Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS).  The subjects were given an initial medical screening by a qualified medical practitioner as well as a full physical chiropractic examination.  Spinal dysfunction and subluxations were identified using standard techniques.
       All of the treatments were rendered by one of two experienced, qualified chiropractors, with each woman being treated by the same chiropractor throughout the study.  Treatment was given two or three times within the ten-day period prior to the commencement of each menses.  This was continued for a minimum of three cycles, during which time the subjects recorded their symptoms daily.
       At the end of the treatment program, all of the women had indicated that their PMS symptoms had improved overall while under chiropractic care and they considered chiropractic an appropriate method of treatment.

    SOURCE: Walsh, M.J., Polus, P.I., The Efficacy of Chiropractic Therapy on Premenstrual Syndrome: A Case Series Study, Chiropractic Journal of Australia, Vol. 24, No. 4.


    Pharmaceutical Company Charged With Deliberately Withholding Adverse Reaction Data

       The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) filed an amicus brief in the U.S. Supreme Court on August 16, 2008 charging pharmaceutical companies with deliberately withholding relevant adverse-reaction data when their profits are at stake.  The brief was filed in conjunction with the Wyeth vs. Levine case, in which drug giant Wyeth Laboratories is appealing a Vermont Supreme Court decision awarding $6.8 million to Diana Levine, who had to have her arm amputated after improper administration of the Wyeth anti-nausea drug Phenargan.
       Levine's lawsuit charges that the drug contained inadequate warnings and instructions for use.  Wyeth, in turn, is claiming that the FDA's authority to approve drug labeling preempts state failure-to-warn litigation regarding prescription medication.  According to the (NEJM) brief, part of the difficulty the FDA has in addressing drug risks stems from the fact that it is forced to rely on the manufacturers themselves for outcome data upon which to base its decision to either approve or disapprove a drug.
       As one might expect, the big pharmaceutical manufacturers have a vested interest in not only getting their drugs approved, but also keeping them on the market for as long as possible.  The brief went on to use the examples of three different drugs (Pondimin/Redux, Vioxx and Trasylol) in which the manufacturers allegedly withheld key information from the FDA and strongly argued against stricter label warnings while continuing to market these drugs to an unsuspecting public.  In all cases, the companies allegedly manufactured data, ghostwrote articles for medical journals or withheld negative findings from the FDA.

    SOURCE: Dynamic Chiropractic, Vol. 26, No. 21, October 2008.


    Chiropractic May Improve Mental Function!

       A study was conducted in a private office setting to assess the influence of upper cervical subluxation and its correction on specific mental functions.  Forty subjects were examined using Assessment of Cognitive Mental Functioning (Microcog), which is a computer-administered and scored test that assesses neurocognitive function in adults.  Nine categories are scored: attention/mental control, memory, reasoning/calculation, spatial processing, reaction time, information processing accuracy, general cognitive functioning and general cognitive proficiency.
       Thirty of the subjects were examined via Microcog before receiving their first upper cervical chiropractic adjustments.  A repeat examination was performed four weeks following the initiation of care.  The other ten subjects who served as controls, had the same protocol except that they were given sham adjustments.
       Significant improvements were observed in the neurocognitive function of the group receiving upper cervical care.  The control group did not respond in the same way.  The study suggests that upper cervical chiropractic care may positively affect neurocognitive function.

    SOURCE: Chiropractic Research Journal, Vol. VI, No. 2, Fall 1999.


    Chiropractic Care Helps With Bell's Palsy - Case Study

       A 39 year old male truck driver presented for chiropractic care with the right side of his face paralyzed and loss of feeling.  He reported that the symptoms began two weeks prior.  Immediately before the paralysis he said he had intense pain in his right ear.  The patient also reported that two weeks before the onset of paralysis, the seat in his truck broke and the vehicle had been riding extremely rough.
       On examination, the patient was unable to raise his right eye-brow, close the right eye, show his teeth, smile, whistle or puff his cheeks, and reported loss of taste.  Cervical subluxations (pinched nerves from herniated discs in his neck) were evident.
       The patient had nine office visits over a period of three and a half months.  He was unable to keep a consistent schedule of treatment because of his occupation.  Following the first chiropractic cervical adjustment, he was able to close his eye and regained his sense of taste.  After his second adjustment, two weeks after the first, the patient experienced a noticeable increase in facial movements.  Minimal improvements were noted for two months after these first changes took place.
       Following the fourth upper cervical adjustment, two and a half months after the initiation of care, the largest gains in facial movement were experienced.  This patient reported that his face was symmetrical and back to normal within eight months after the start of his chiropractic care.

    SOURCE: Chiropractic Research Journal, Vol. VI, No. 2, Fall 1999.

    *Dr. Levesque has also treated several Bell's Palsy patients over the years and gotten similar results at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic with Gonstead Chiropractic care.


    Non-Musculoskeletal Symptoms Improve With Chiropractic

       A study was done in the private practices of 87 Swedish chiropractors to investigate the frequency and types of improved non-musculoskeletal symptoms reported after chiropractic spinal manipulation therapy.  At least one positive non-musculoskeletal reaction was reported after treatment in 21-25% of cases.  Of these responses, 26% were related to the airway passages (usually reported as "easier to breathe"), 25% were related to the digestive system (mostly reported as "improved function"), and 14% were classified under eyes/vision (usually reported as "improved vision").
       The number of spinal areas treated was positively associated with the number of reactions.  The conclusion of this study was that a minority of patients reported having some non-musculoskeletal benefits after spinal manipulative therapy.  More studies are recommended to further investigate these reports and objectively confirm these findings.

    SOURCE: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 1999; 22:559-64.


    Vision Improves With Chiropractic - Case Study

       A 53 year old woman fell down a flight of stairs and fractured the arch above her right eye which was subsequently treated surgically.  Approximately three weeks after the accident, the vision in her left eye became reduced to light perception.  Electrophysiologic studies revealed  that the function of both optic nerves was diminished, the right significantly more than the left.
       Chiropractic spinal manipulation was used to aid recovery of vision to normal over a course of 20 treatments.  Significant improvement in vision would sometimes occur immediately following spinal manipulation.  Progressive recovery of vision was monitored by serial visual field tests and by electrophysiologic studies.  This case report contributes to previous accounts of progressive recovery of optic nerve function in association with spinal manipulation therapy.

    SOURCE: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Volume 22, No. 9, Nov/Dec 1999.


    Juvenile Diabetes Improves With Chiropractic - Case Study

       "Melissa was diagnosed with Type I Juvenile Diabetes in February 1999.  We were told she would be insulin-dependent for the rest of her life.  Melissa was coming out of what is called the 'honeymoon' period in August.  Her blood sugar levels were increasingly high with no pattern.  The only way to deal with these 'highs' was to increase her insulin.  She went from 2 insulin shots twice/day to needing a shot in the middle of the day also.
       "Melissa never felt good.  She suffered stomach problems and constant stomach pain from the time she woke up until well into the night.  She had constant headaches and extreme mood swings.  Her life became one battle after another.  By God's good grace we received a phone call from a chiropractor, explaining what chiropractic is and how he felt he could help Melissa.  I felt we had nothing to lose.
       "After Melissa's first apointment, I made the mistake of giving her too much 'Lente' (a long lasting insulin).  Her diabetic team told me to be prepared for her to plummet and have her glucagon ready.  After monitoring her all night, there was no low.  Her morning blood sugar was normal also.  Her body seemed to be compensating for the extra insulin.
       "After getting adjustments for one month, Melissa's blood sugars are stabilizing.  She is off one of her insulins completely.  We have been consistently lowering her insulin requirements.  Before treatment, Missy was getting 10 Lente and 4 Humalog in the morning and 9 Lente and 5 Humalog at night.  Currently she takes 12 units of Lente in the morning (no Humalog) and 1 Lente at night (no Humalog).  She rarely has mood swings and her stomach is almost completely better.  Our goal is to have Melissa's pancreas do the work of producing insulin.  We are in the process of this becoming a reality thanks to chiropractic."    -Debra de Bara, Mother

    SOURCE: Case Study - Specific Chiropractic of Darien, Robert Zembroski, D.C., Debra de Bara.

    *This case study does not mean that chiropractic care will 'heal' juvenile diabetes.  It does however mean that patient's with juvenile diabetes should seriously consider chiropractic as an intregral part of their treatment plan for this disease.  Dr. Levesque treats many patients at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic who also have diabetes.  For these cases, he advises them and helps them monitor their nutrition while working with their spinal problems. 

  39. More Stamina, Better Sleep and Greater Self-Awareness

       "About two years ago I injured my neck and this also affected the nerves going to my shoulder and arm.  Over those two years, my arm had worsened and eventually was going numb 2-3 times daily.  I was not aware of how extensively this nerve damage was affecting my body.  I had adapted to this over time and, although some things were harder to do or took longer to complete, I just contributed it to getting older.  When I started getting adjustments from Dr. Pennington, it was to get relief from the numbness, but now I realize that the nerve damage was affecting my entire body and the symptoms didn't show up for years!  The added benefits I have received [from chiropractic] are more stamina, more restful sleep, more flexibility, an increase in mental awareness, and a better attitude and disposition with myself.  Often we, as individuals, spend more time on things around us and neglect the very vehicle that is going to carry  us down the road of life.  I guess it all depends on how long a trip you hope to take."

    SOURCE:  Wendell Nagel, Brad pennington, D.C., August 1999


    Antibiotics & Childhood Asthma

       A new study just published in the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Allergy has added fuel to the concern over the indicriminate use of antibiotics.  It has also begun to address the recent concern of scientists about the increasing occurence of childhood asthma.  U.S. Researchers surveyed parents of 612 children in six New Zealand schools.
       The study looked at the odds ratio (risk) of children experiencing asthma symptoms based upon if, when, and how often they had taken antibiotics.  The most decisive factors were when (before or after the first year of life) and how often.  The results are quite sobering.  A child given antibiotics during the first year of life has an odds ratio of 4.05, which means the child is over four times more likely to develop asthma symptoms than the child who has never taken antibiotics.
       So, now childhood asthma is added to the list of potential hazards to taking antibiotics.  This, along with the increase in antibiotic resistance, should cause patients to think twice about taking antibiotics, particularly where not specifically required.  Parents should be made aware of this potential risk.
       Broad-spectrum antibiotics came into clinical usage in the 1960's, and their increased use coincides with the time trends for the increasing prevalence of asthma.  Julian Crane, Associate Professor of Otago University and one of the study's investigators concludes, "Much more work needs to be done to check out whether this effect is causal, and if so, what are the immunological processes that cause it."

    SOURCE: Dynamic Chiropractic online/ www.chiroweb.com, August 1999.


    Drug Companies Target Consumers

       Despite numerous warnings from consumer health advocates, drug companies have continued to increase their direct-to-consumer advertising for prescription drugs.  Slick advertising in the form of television commercials and print ads are bombarding the public with promises of results for everything from allergy relief to male impotence.  According to a report from IMS Health, a British-based pharmaceutical information company, direct-to-consumer advertising costs reached a staggering 1.53 billion dollars in a 12 month period, through March 1999.
       Drug companies don't "sell" their products through their multi-billion dollar campaigns.  Instead, they instruct the consumer to ask their physicians about the products.  This practice leaves the doctors in a compromising and unscrupulous position of no longer being able to make decisions for their patients without outside influences.  Indirectly, the drug companies have taken control of the prescription process, leading an unsuspecting public to a reality that threatens harm to their health and well-being.
       Protests from concerned citizens and health care organizations have had little effect on this potentially dangerous trend.  Pitching prescription drugs to the general public - while minimizing the frequency of dangerous side effects - is one medical profit wave that shows little sign of retreating any time soon.

    SOURCE: Health Watch, Vol. 4, No. 3  "Direct to Consumer Prescription Drug Advertising in U.S...." press release IMS Health, June 12, 1999.

  42. Chiropractic Helps Top NFL Receiver Reach New Heights

       Qadry Ismail was once known as "The Missile" for his explosive speed when he was with the Syracuse Orangeman in college.  Ismail is now with the NFL's Baltimore Ravens as a starting wide receiver and he is reaching new heights, on pace to set personal marks for receptions, receiving yardage and touchdowns in a single season. 
       A good part of Ismail's success this year can be contributed to the chiropractic care he has received from Dr. Malcolm Conway of Kingston, Pennsylvania.  Dr. Malcolm said, "Qadry and I went to work with some muscle balancing and we found some weakness in his lower body...By the afternoon session, he was already seeing tremendous results."  Ismail was quick to point out the benefits of his chiropractic care:  "It was like I was a different player.  My speed increased as did my ability to cut and run routes...Those are three very different factors of being a wide receiver."

    SOURCE:  Dynamic Chiropractic, January 1,2000.

  43. Press Statement:  A Peaceful Classroom at What Price?

    Miami attorney, Adrian D. Neiman, released the following press statement on December 10, 1999 (excerpted):
    It was the decision of the Miami-Dade County school teachers and psychologists to diagnose a controversial psychiatric disorder and recommend psychopharmacological drugs to child (D.S.), placing him in a special class for the severly emotionally disabled.  There was nothing obviously wrong with the boy.  In fact, he showed gifts as a toddler in day care. The parents, both professionals in Miami, were not properly informed of their choices.
       This episode started in 1996 when D.S. was sharing an overcrowded classroom of about 60 kindergartners and 2 teachers.  His family had just been struck by a triple tragedy: D.S.'s grandparents had both passed away, a favorite cousin had been disfigured and paralyzed in a car wreck and D.S. himself had to undergo surgery for appendicitis.  His parents were asked if they would prefer that D.S. be placed in a "smaller classroom setting."  Their son became unmotivated after entering the special program, his grades slipped and his desire to learn plummeted.  Still, ther school continued to graduate him to higher grades.  D.S.'s parents later learned that the smaller class setting was actually a program for the severely emotionally handicapped, combined with a clinically written suggestion that he had Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) which should be treated with the controversial drug Ritalin.  As it turns out, it is possible that D.S. was suffering only from temporary depression due to the grieving in his family and his inattention may have been caused by his farsightedness, a condition known to school officials but not shared with his parents.  With no medical, philosophical or legal lines drawn, D.S.'s parents are trying to regain control of their son's education, but the Dade County School Board insists they know what is best for the child.

    SOURCE:  Adrian D. Neiman, Esq., Law Office of Richard Markowitz, PA, Miami. FL.

  44. Senator Orrin Hatch Pledges Chiropratic Support

       Senator Orrin Hatch of Utah, who has been supportive of chiropractic and alternative health care in general, is running for Presidency in the 2000 election.  Senator Hatch became the first major candidate from any political party to indorse chiropractic.  Here are some statements made by Senator Hatch during an interview with Dynamic Chiropractic:
    "I believe there are many instances where chiropractic is the only solution.  You can go to doctors the rest of your life and they won't solve it as quickly as chiropractors will, especially when it comes to spinal adjustments, because the spine is subluxated or out of kilter..."If I get there [into the presidency], I think chiropractors will have the best friend in the presidency they ever dreamed imaginable and I would stand up for chiropractors like no other president has even tried to...I'd make sure that chiropractors are treated fairly.  I'd make sure that alternative medicine forms are not ridiculed and that they are explored to make sure we have the very best methods and techniques that we possibly can to help our people..."[Patients] would be impacted by being able to go to chiropractors and with chiropractors having a right to be reimbursed.  Patients will always benefit from good health care principles and I think that chiropractic would become much better known if Orrin Hatch was president."

    SOURCE:  Dynamic Chiropractic online:  www.chiroweb.com

  45. Veteran's Administration Develops Policy On Chiropractic Care

       On November 30, 1999, President Clinton signed the Veteran's Millennium Health Care Act into law.  This new bill carries with it a provision which requires the Veteran's Administration (VA), the nations largest integrated health care system, to develop a policy on chiropractic care within 120 days.  The "Millennium Bill" will require that the VA work with chiropractors on a policy that will allow veterans better access to their services within the VA.  The International Chiropactic Association stated "Regardless of the outcome of this provision," it is "working on specific legislation that would mandate the establishment of a permanent division of chiropractic services within the VA, headed by a Doctor of Chiropractic," and requiring the hiring of permanent, fulltime DCs in the VA.  The chiropractic provision in the act was included as a result of lobbying efforts of the American Chiropractic Association and the Association of Chiropractic Colleges.

    SOURCE:  Chiroweb, www.chiroweb.com/Clinton Signs Millennium Heatlth Care Act.


    Chiropractic Care Improves Immune Systems In HIV Patients

       The Chiropractic Research Journal recently reported on a study that found specific upper cervical chiropractic adjustments increased the immune cell counts of patients who had tested positive for HIV.  These tests were performed by the patients' independent medical centers where they received their care.
       "A 48% increase in CD4 (immune system) cells was demonstrated over the six months duration of the study for the group [under chiropractic care]."  The study concluded, "Preliminary results suggest that chiropractic adjustments of the upper cervical spine may increase the CD4 levels in HIV positive individuals.  These results suggest that follow-up studies of the link between the nervous system and immunity are well warranted."

    SOURCE: In Touch, Peachtree City, GA. Volume 1, No. 1.

  47. Internet Drug Stores Can Be Hazardous To Your Health

       According to a study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, drugs being "prescribed" and sold over the Internet can be a health hazard.  Many of these online drug outlets not only charge more for drugs, but they are strictly "let the buyer beware" web sites.  Of the 46 sites studied, only 37 required a physician consultation or prescription (or both).  The others merely shipped the drugs without any knowledge of the buyer (patient) or his or her health conditions.  Only five of these Internet "drug stores" would supply an actual physical address (geographic location) and not one would reveal the specific address of their consulting physicians.
       The researchers explained, "Nothing is known about the quality of Internet consulting physicians and their training or the appropriateness of medical services provided."  In an editorial in the same issue, Jane E. Henney, M.D. and other doctors from the FDA warned, "Because of the ease with which a website can be created, an illegitimate site may seem to be a lawful pharmacy.  Patients who buy prescription drugs from such a site are at risk for adverse effects from inappropriately prescribed medications, dangerous drug interactions, contaminated drugs, or unapproved drugs that may have been contaminated during manufacturing."

    SOURCE:  Internet Availability of Prescription Pharmaceuticals to the Public," by Bernard S. Bloom, Ph.D.,
    and Ronald C. Iannacone, B.S.,
    Annals of Internal Medicine, Oct. 5, 1999.


    "Within Weeks My Headaches Were Gone!"

      "I'd always had headaches.  I went to have a CT scan in May 1992 because they were so bad.  My medical doctor thought that because I fell when I was little, I might have a head trauma, so he ordered the CT scan.  The results were fine.  My doctor also thought that I might have the headaches because migraines run in my family and that I would have to take medicine.  I've never been kee on taking medicine.
       In 1997 my friend told me to try the chiropractor she worked for and I did.  I started going to Dr. John Azzatori in September of 1997 and within weeks my headaches were completely gone!  Not only did Dr. Azzatori take care of my headaches, but he also relieves my heartburn and hiccups, which I get often.  I believe in chiropractic so much that when I have a baby, he or she will get adjusted right away if they need it.  Thanks to Dr. Azzatori I am pain free."  -Christine Powers

    SOURCE: Chrisitine Powers/John F. Azzatori, D.C., Quakertown, PA, August 1999.

    *Dr. Levesque also treats many patients with headaches and chronic migraines with Gonstead Chiropractic and N.A.E.T treatments with great results.

  49. Celebrity Athlete Dan O'Brien Endorses Chiropractic

       "If it wasn't for chiropractic, I wouldn't have won the gold medal."  These were the words spoken by Olympic decathalon gold medalist Dan O'Brien.  O'Brien is an avid supporter of chiropractic and continues to be a chiropractic patient.  The Chiropractic Leadership Alliance recently announced a partnership with the Olympic champion, which is designed to get the important message of chiropractic out to the public.  The first phase of this public awareness project is a public/patient educational video, hosted by O'Brien.  It has just been completed and is ready for distribution.  This powerful tape will deliver the positive message about chiropractic.
       Whenever world-class athletes come forward endorsing chiropractic, it sets a course for the public to follow.  Dan is supportive of chiropractic not for the resolution of back and neck pain but for athletic perfromance and wellness.  You may have seen Dan O'Brien in his many sponsors' advertisements, such as Wheaties or Reebok.  In one TV commercial for VISA, Dan takes out his credit card and beneath his name is the title "World's Greatest Athlete."  The advertisement then shows his statement.  The first cahrge listed on his statement reads, "Chiropractor."

    SOURCE:  The Chiropractic Journal, December 1999.

  50. Interest In Alternative Therapies Evident In Recent Surveys

       Alternative therapies have been defined as medical practices that are not in conformity with the standards of western medicine.  Research done over the past decade has shown that a substantial number of traditionally trained health care professionals are incorporating alternative therapies into their patient care or they are at least interested in doing so.  For example, a survey of family practitioners in Washington State found that nearly 60% had encouraged their patients to seek chiropractic care.  During the Spring of 1996, questionnaires were sent to more than 1,200 physicians at 32 Kaiser Permanente medical facilities in northern California.  At the same time, approximately 1,500 adult health plan members responded to a survey.  Both surveys were to determine the past use of alternative treatments and the opinions about whether HMOs should incorporate alternative therapies into their healthcare systems.
       Two thirds of the adult primary care physicians and three fourths of the obstetrics/gynecology clinicians expressed at least moderate interest in the use of alternative therapies. 35% and 45.3% respectively were very interested.  Of the members surveyed, about two thirds of younger and middle-aged adults indicated moderate interest.  More than 40% indicated strong interest.  When asked to indicate which alterative therapies they would like to have covered in their health plans, most members (61%) most frequently expressed the desire for ciropratic care.

    SOURCE:  West J Med, Vol. 169, No. 3:153-161.

  51. Retired Athlete Still Receives Chiropractic Care

       Joe Morgan, former Cincinnati Reds great and Hall of Fame second baseman, serves as the analyst for ESPN's Sunday Night Baseball games.  "As a professional baseball player, I had always been aware of the importance of keeping fit, both mentally and physically.  Early in my career it was fairly easy to recover from minor injuries.  However, as I got older, I was not able to bounce back from injuries quite as easily and I realized I needed assistance keeping my body properly aligned. I sought the help of a chiropractor who I am still utilizing to keep me in shape.  Although I no longer play baseball, I am still active in sports.  Whether golfing, playing tennis, or skiing, without the benefits of chiropractic, I don't think I would be able to remain as fit and active as I am today."
                                                                                                                                                                     -Joe Morgan, Baseball Hall of Fame

    Source: Enhancing Athletic Performance with Chiropractic; Joe Morgan.

  52. Women's Soccer Team Gets Adjusted and Wins!

       National interest in Women's Soccer escalated this year afer the USA Women's Soccer Team won the World Cup.  Dr. Mike Foudy's long-time dream came true when he was asked to adjust the entire team prior to their big game.  Dr. Foudy's sister, Julie Foudy, is a member of the team who Dr. Foudy has been adjusting since she was in high school.  Dr. Foudy remarked, "I had a vision when Julie was on the National Team that I would be one of their treating chiropractors.  That dream came true after adjusting my sister for so many years."
       Dr. Foudy adjusted the team players before one of their most important games in Pasadena, against an impressive Chinese team.  He said, "What a great opportunity...It was wonderful seeing how enthusiastic the trainers and players were about being adjusted...It was exciting for me and the rest of the team to watch them being interviewed on TV as they were being adjusted..."  The U.S. Women's Soccer Team will go on to compete at the Olympics in Sydney, 2000 with the advantage of chiropractic care behind them!

    SOURCE:  The Chiropractic Journal, September, 1999.


    Insurance Company has Foresight About Alternative Medicine

       Unfortunately, many insurance companies do not see the considerable cost savings which await their enthusiastic endorsement of alternative medicine.  This narrow vision was evident by the lawsuits which were filed by seven insurance companies after Washington State Insurance Commissioner, Deborah Senn, set a national precedent by requiring that all insurance companies begin offering coverage for all categories of licensed health care.  One insurance company executive stated, "This will make it virtually impossible to manage health care." 
       But insightful companies such as American Western Life in Foster City, California, offer a different viewpoint.  At American Western, insurers are discovering that offering an alternative health insurance program actually lowers medical bills, according to Marcel J. Hernandez, N.D., who directs their Wellness programs.  American Western now offers a policy that enables policyholders to make reimbursable medical visits to any of 2,000 alternative practioners, as well as conventional doctors.  "We can afford to offer this type of insurance to the public only if our clients take an active hand in making their own health care decisions,"  says Dr. Hernandez.  "Education on medical treatment is what makes our programs work."  Were the majority of American insurance companies willing to do the merest of calculations, they would realize that the future of affordable and profitable health insurance lies with alternative medicine.

    SOURCE:  Internet Access, www.garynull.com, September 1999.

    At Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic, we are 'providers' for several insurance companys and belong to numerous networks; we are glad to file and accept assignment on most insurance plans.


    Denver Broncos Hire Team Chiropractors

       Colorado chiroprators, Dr. Dan Hill and Dr. J.T. Anderson have recently been appointed as the team chirporactors for the Denver Broncos football team.  Both doctors have treated team members for several years in their private practices.  The Bronco's coach, Mike Shanahan, integrated chiropractic as part of the Bronco's year round fitness regimen last year and decided to continue the successful action this year.
       Dr. Anderson noted, "The spine and extremities are kept in peak condition with chiropractic care, providing the players with an edge in their athletic performance."  Dr. Hill said, "Chiropractic treatment helps prevent injuries and enhances overall athletic performance."  Dr. Hill is an aspiring athlete himself and pratices in Parker, Colorado.  Dr. Anderson participates in many sports and practices in Aurora, Colorado.  Both doctors specialize in sports chiropractic and are honored to be helping the team.

    SOURCE:  Dynamic Chiropractic online. www.chiroweb.com, August 1999.


    Vitamin C Wins Again!

       A large study utilizing 715 students from Santiago, Chile was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Vitamin C in relieving symptoms of the common cold.  The control group consisted of 463 students ranging in age from 18-32.  The experimental group consisted of 252 students from 180-30.
       When cold and flu symptoms developed, the control group received decongestants and pain relievers.  The experimental group received 1000mg of Vitamin C hourly for the first six days and then 1000mg three times/day following.  These megadoses of Vitamin C reduced the symptoms of cold and flu by 85% in the experimental group.
       The conclusion: "Vitamin C in megadoses administered before or after the appearance of cold and flu symptoms relieved and prevented the symptoms in the test group compared witht the control group."

    SOURCE: Gorton H, Jarvis K. The effectiveness of Vitamin C in preventing and relieving the symptoms of virus-induced respiratory infections.  Journal of Manipulative Physiological Therapeutics, 1999; 22(8): 530-533.


    Superbowl Winners Receive Chiropractic Care....

       Chiropractic has once again been broght into the sporting arena.  For one chiropractor, that meant treating Super Bowl Champions, the St. Louis Rams.  Dr. Ralph Filson, Professor of Chiropractic Sciences at Logan Chiropractic College, was appointed team chiropracor for the Rams in August, 1999.  He began treatments during training camp and continued throughout the season.
       Prior to his work with the Rams, Filson had worked with the St. Louis Cardinals since 1987.  His work evolved with the team when his freind and patient, former Cardinals Manager, Joe Torre, joined the team in 1990.  Filson served as chiropractic consultant for the past two years, administering treatment to Mark McGwire and other players.  Filson will continue his work with the Cardinals during home games and during training this year.

    SOURCE: ICA Review, November 1999


    Drugs In Your Drinking Water?

       More than 100 published reports on drinking water in cities all over the world have confirmed that the public is unknowingly receiving pharmaceutical drugs in their ordinary tap water.  It is estimated that approximately 90% of the prescribed drugs that are taken orally are passed through the body and excreted in the urine or feces.  These drugs then travel to waste treatment plants which are reasonably equipped to remove bacteria, viruses and toxic chemicals, but apparently not drugs.
       One research team found fat-lowering drugs, analgesics (pain killers), chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics and hormones in tap water.  Another researcher, Thomas Ternes, found all of the above mentioned drugs, plus thirty more antibiotics, beta-blockers, anti-seizure medication, among others.  Stuart Levy, Director of the Center for Adaptation Genetics and Drug Resistance at Tufts University in Boston says, "Our concentration [in the U.S.] of antibiotics in the drinking water is 1,000 times higher than in German water.... This may be causing the bacteria to become antibiotic-resistant."
       Two things are clear from this information: First, we must actively start to find ways of removing these frugs from our water supply.  Second, it is vital to find ways to make our immune systems strong enough to resist even medication-resistant bacteria.  In the meantime, reverse-osmosis or distilled water are both safe ways to ensure that you are not taking someone else's medication.

    SOURCE: The Nugent Report, online at www.nugentreport.com


    Headaches Are Most Often Caused by Neck Problems

       According to the fornt page of the "Life" section in the Toronto Star.... "Chiropractors were right.  Many headaches are caused by damaged structures in the neck - and scientific evidence proves it."  The article interviewed a Toronto physician, Peter Rothbart, who concludes:
       "We have been about to find an anatiomical and physiological cause for many headaches.  We've found damaged structures in the neck, and have gone on to prove they are the cause of the pain.  We couldn't believe it at first.  We've been able to put together a scientific explanation for how neck structure causes headaches...."
       In the past medical doctors have scorned the idea that neck problems cause headaches when it was suggested by chiropractors.  But Rothbart says they will accept the anatomical research results.  Rothbart says doctors can check different bones in the neck to identify exactly where the problem is.... if it is a structural problem that will respond to spinal manipulation, Rothbart refers the patient to a chiropractor to have it fixed."

    SOURCE: The Toronto Star, Thursday, December 28, 1995.

    *We treat many headache patients with Gonstead Chiropractic at Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic - and get great great results!


    Study Dispels Back Pain Medical Myth

      For years, the medical profession has told patients that 80-90% of attacks of low back pain recover in about six weeks, irrespective of the treatment.  Now a study published in the British Medical Journal dispels this myth.  463 adult low back pain patients were followed from their first visit to a general practitioner through the following 12 months.  The authors of the study said:
       "By three months after the index consultation with their general practitioner, only a minority of patients with low back pain had recovered.  There was little increase in the proportion who reported recovery by 12 months, emphasizing the recurrent and persistent nature of this problem.  However, most patients with low back pain did not return to their doctor about their pain within three months of their initial consultation, and only 8% continued to consult for more than three months."
       The message from this study is clear: When patients go to the MD for low back pain and thre treatment does not effectively address the problem, the patients do not return to the MD for their back pain.  This however does not mean the problem has gone away.  It was found that of the 463 back pain patients, after 12 months, 75% of them still experienced pain or disability.  The authors of the study concluded: "These figures simply do not fit with claims that 90% of episodes of low back pain end in complete recovery."

    SOURCE: Waddell G. A new clinical model for the treatment of low back pain. Spine 1987; 12:632-44. Croft PR, Macfarlane GJ, Papagengiou AC, Thomas E, Silman AJ. BMJ 1998;316:1356-9.


    Chiropractic Alternative To Back Surgery

       Chiropractic care may help patients avoid unnecessary back surgery and help control a $50 billion a year epidemic of low back pain in the United States, according to an article examining chiropractic as an alternative to surgery for low back pain.
       An analysis of the rates and costs of back surgeries in the U.S. yields some disconcerting figures.  In 1990, 279,000 back surgeries were performed, more than twice the number that took place just 10 years earlier.  Between 1979 and 1987, disc removals increased by 75 percent and spinal fusion rates rose 200 percent.  Yet, the effectiveness of surgery for the treatment of low back pain is largely unsubstantiated and reports of failed back surgeries range between 15 to 40 percent with some estimates as high as 70 percent.
       Both the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research in the U.S. and the National Health Services of Great Britain have endorsed spinal manipulation as an effective intervention for low back pain in their recently published guidelines.  After a review of surgical intervention for low back pain, the British guidelines concluded that " there is not good scientific evidence of the effectiveness of surgical treatment for back pain" and goes on to state that "scientific research and controlled trials to test the effectiveness of fusion and other forms of surgical treatment for back pain are needed."

    SOURCE: Foundation for Chiropractic Education and Research, May/June 1996.

    *At Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic, botched back surgeries are some of our favorite cases!


    Chiropractic Patients Are More Satisfied With Their Care

       Chiropractic patients continue to report that they are more satisfied with their low back care than medical low back patients.  Consider these recent low back pain findings:

    Satisfied with care:
    Chiropractic patients                96%
    Medical patients                      84%

    Treatment was helpful:
    Chiropractic patients                99%
    Medical patients                      80%

    Likely to seek care from another provider:
    Chiropractic patients                14%
    Medical patients                      27%

    SOURCE: Carey CS, et al. Acute severe low back pain. Spine, 21:339-344, 1996


    Infant Illness Caused By Common Antibiotic

       A common antibiotic used to treat whooping cough has been linked to a severe stomach disorder in infants, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC).  The CDC warns physicians that Erythromycin may cause pyloric stenosis, a condition where a muscle enlarges in the stomach and blocks food from passing to the small intestine.  It causes projectile vomiting and requires surgery to correct the problem.
       The warning came after a Tennessee community hospital reported seven cases of pyloric stenosis in infants after being given Erythromycin.  All seven infants were less than three weeks old.  The CDC warns physicians "should carefully evaluate the risks and benefits of Erythromycin in newborns less than a month old before prescribing the medication."
       Erythromycin, the most often prescribed antibiotic, is also given to infants to treat chlamydia infections passed from child to mother and is found in an eye ointment routinely given to newborns to prevent blinding from possible gonorrheal infections.  Dr. Warren Rosenfeld, chairman of pediatrics at Winthrop University Hospital in Mineola, NY, said the association between this antibiotic and this side effect had not been made before, but it will be studied.

    SOURCE: CDC/MMWR, Dec. 17, 1999/48(49); 1117-1120.


    Hormone Therapy Raises Risk of Developing Breast Cancer

       A woman who has been on hormone replacement drug therapy, estrogen and progestin, for 10 years is 80% more likely to develop breast cancer than a woman on estrogen alone.  A study by the National Cancer Institute concluded that for each year of combined therapy (taking both estrogen and progestin), a woman's risk of breast cancer increases by 8% compared with a 1% incresae in women solely taking estrogen.  Researchers followed 46,355 post-menopausal women for up to 15 years, who were part of the Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project.
       American women have a one in nine chance of developing breast cancer without the added risk of hormone use.  According to Dr. Walter C. Willett, a Harvard epidemiologist, it is "a big risk, given that breast cancer is pretty common to begin with."  All post-menopausal women should consider lowering the risks by alternative methods, including changes in diet and lifestyle choices.  Willett said diligent attention to nutrition and exercise can achieve the same goals as hormone therapy.

    SOURCE: "Study Links Breast Cancer, Hormone Use," Shari Roan, www.latimes.com, January 26, 2000.


    New Painkiller Drugs Harm Stomach, Lead To Ulcers And Other Problems

       A relatively new class of prescription drugs used to fight pain and believed to prevent cancer, have been linked to gastrointestinal damage and preventing the body from healing wounds, causing ulcers to form.  Cox-2 inhibitors (the drugs under study by a research team at UC Irvine College of Medicine) were the most widely prescribed new drug in the United States in 1999 - with 12 million prescriptions already written with the drugs being taken as a cancer prevention agent.
       Concern is mounting because researchers have found Cox-2 inhibitors halt the formation of tiny blood vessels that heal ulcers and help the body recover from injury, a process called angiogenesis.  Prescribing these drugs to patients with existing gastrointestinal problems, such as ulcers and eroded stomach lining, presents other problems because the healing process is greatly slowed if these drugs are taken.
       Cox-2 inhibitors join aspirin and ibuprofen in a group called NSAIDS, non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory drugs, the most commonly used drugs in the United States.  NSAIDS inhibit angiogenesis, essential for wound healing, restoring blood flow and providing oxygen and nutrients to wounds.  They may also lead to other side effects and cause serious gastrointestinal damage with long-term use.  Cox-2 inhibitors, while providing pain relief and a cancer prevention agent, inhibits the body from healing itself, causing more problems as an end result.

    SOURCE: Health Watch, Vol. 4, No. 9; Nature Magazine, December 1999.


    Aspirin Is A Dangerous Drug....

       According to recent surveys, few people consider aspirin to be a drug, let alone a drug that can lead to dangerous health problems.  According to Basil Hirschowitz, M.D. a Gastroenterologist at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, many patients don't inform their doctors that they take aspirin - many don't even consider it to be a drug; they don't realize other drugs contain aspirin or they are in denial of the potential dangers of taking it.  The dangers of excessive aspirin use include ulcers of the upper GI tract, which will not heal unless aspirin use ends.  Seniors are most at risk of GI bleeding from NSAID use.

    SOURCE: Health Watch, Vol. 4, No. 9; "Aspirin Overuse Can Be Dangerous," Press Release, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Nov. 13, 1999.


    Drug Test Outcomes Could Be Biased

       Researchers recently conducted a study to test how thorough the safety and efficacy of drugs actually are.  Results show bias sometimes enters the equation.  A series of articles were examined by researchers at Northwestern University to determine if an association existed between pharmaceutical company funding and the results of drug testing.
       Results show that pharmaceutical company sponsorship of research is associated with the outcome of tests.  For example, a pharmaceutical company tests a drug for safety and efficacy.  The results are usually favorable.  But the outcomes are found less favorable on that same drug, when tested by a nonprofit research organization.
       Study authors said the pharmaceutical companies were nearly eight times less likely to reach unfavoarable conclusions than nonprofit organizations and 1.4 times more likely to reach favorable conclusions.  Also, one in five articles contained overstated results.

    SOURCE: Great Life, March 2000; Friedberg, M., etal. Evaluation of conflict of interest in economic analysis of new drugs used in oncology. JAMA. 1999; 282:1453-1457.


    Chiropractic Care Maintains Physiological Health

       Chiropractic treatment goes above and beyond treating the common backache and headache.  A recent study observed the responses of chiropractic adjustments to treating physiological disorders.  The study selected 45 original chiropractic research studies, 5 chiropractic case studies, 23 review articles and 8 animal studies to use in the research.  The results prove chiropractic care is vital to maintaining physiological health other than just the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders.  Evidence shows subluxation reductions (chiropractic treatment) decrease blood pressure, improve circulation and asthmatic conditions, enhance immune systems, relieve symptoms of inflammation in osteoporosis and improve intestinal and urinary functions.

    SOURCE: Abstract from the 15th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Chiropractic Research Journal.


    Chiropractic Care Decreases Symptoms of Colic In Infant

       CASE STUDY:  An infant had suffered with colic from the time he was six weeks old.  He was still suffering at six months old - crying excessively, not sleeoping for more than three hours at a time and spitting up after nursing.  Traditional medical care did not improve his symptoms.
       He was brought in for chiropractic care.  In just two weeks, results were observed.  After six adjustments, the 2-3 hour incessant crying was reduced to 10-15 minute periods and the spitting up was resolved.  After four more adjustments he was sleeping six hours a night and napping twice a day.  The infant also appeared more comfortable and content while awake and was able to fall asleep without screaming.
       In just eight weeks of chiropractic care, the infant's symptoms were mild to non-existent, where medical treatment for more than five months offered no results.

    SOURCE: Jennifer Brandon Peet, D.C., Clinical Chiropractic, January 2000.


    Calcium Citrate Most Effective Calcium Supplement

       Are you taking the most effective calcium supplement?  A recent study shows the amount of calcium absorbed by your body depends on the supplement you are taking.  Scientists at the Center for Mineral Metabolism and Clinical Research at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas tested calcium citrate and calcium carbonate, in a group of menopausal women, to determine which supplement was most effective.
       Blood tests were taken after each woman was given one single dose (500mg) of calcium citrate, calcium carbonate or a placebo.  The study showed a 76% increase of calcium in blood levels of women who took calcium citrate supplements over calcium carbonate supplements.  Researchers concluded that higher levels of calcium are absorbed in the body through calcium citrate supplements than supplements containing calcium carbonate.

    SOURCE: Pharmacokinetics of calcium absorption from two commercial calcium supplements. J Clin. Pharmacol. 1999; 39:1511-1154.


    Don't Forget Your Vitamin E

       While it is common knowledge that vitamin E helps fight Cardiovascular disease and cancer, some of its other benefits are left unknown.  Vitamin E also improves circulation, relaxes leg cramps, aids in the clotting of blood and promotes healthy hair and skin.
       And, according to a study published in the American Journal of Epidimology, it may also prevent memory loss.  The study evaluated memory performance of 4,809 seniors over a six-year period, testing memory recall of six points and specific words in a story.
       The results showed a consistent association between low levels of vitamin E and poor memory, but not other antioxidants studied.  The association was evident even after considering age, education, income, vascular risk factors and the contribution of other vitamins and trace elements.  Authors suggest several vitamin E sources including green leafy vegetables, nuts, seeds, rice, eggs, soybeans and whole grains.  By recommending nutritional guidelines to meet the specific health needs of older patients, doctors can help them maintain health and wellness with age.

    SOURCE: To Your Health, February 9, 2000, "Don't Forget About Vitamin E".


    Low-Fat Vegetarian Diet Could Treat Type II Diabetes

       A preliminary study found a change in diet may eliminate the need for diabetic drugs in some type II diabetics.  This was the first study to isolate the effect of diet on diabetes - prior studies tested the effects of diet with exercise and didn't single out the effects of diet alone.
       The study, conducted by doctors from Georgetown University and the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM), found that a low-fat vegetarian diet reduced or eliminated the need for medicine in two-thirds of the patients with diabetes.  Although the study was small (11 patients), there were dramatic results over conventional diets.
       Participants experienced a dramatic reduction of sugar in their blood and lost a substantial amount of weight, an average of 16 pounds in 12 weeks.  The diet has no caloric limit and consisted of grains, vegetables, beans and fruit.  According to Neal D. Barnard, M.D., of PCRM, a nonprofit health and research organization, "People with diabetes are at great risk for heart attacks, kidney disease and even blindness.  This new approach fights these risks better than any previous diet."
       The study, originally just a pilot study, produced such significant results, that it was published in Preventive Medicine (Aug. 1999) and will now become a larger issue of study.  "If these findings are confirmed in a larger study, it is strong evidence that a low-fat vegetarian diet may become one of the treatments of choice for persons with diabetes," Barnard said.

    SOURCE: Health Watch, Vol. 4, No. 9; "New Diet Proves Better Than Drugs for Diabetes," press release.  Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, October 12, 1999.  Preventive Medicine, August 1999.


    Accuracy of Mammograms Not As High As You Think

      As strongly as women are pushed to undergo annual mammogram screenings, the low accuracy ratings are quite surprising.  According to a recent study, the tests are only 75% accurate.  The study stated 40% of women who have annual mammograms do so because they believe all breast cancers are detected from the screening.  A third of the women sampled believed 95% or more of all breast cancers could be detected from a mammogram.
      The medical industry strongly urge women to undergo annual screenings, while giving little acknowledgement to the potential false negative and false positive reports.  The low accuracy ratings don't surface because many women 'would not bother' undergoing mammograms each year if they were aware of the low accuracy.
       50% of the women, when asked about false reports, believed financial compensation should be awarded for cancers missed by screenings.  This figure jumped to 93% when cancers were the result of medical negligence during the screening process.

    SOURCE: Chiropractic Journal, March 2000, Vol. 14, No. 6, pg. 53; Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, October 20, 1999.

  73. Articles Endorsing Drugs Show Financial Ties to Author

       In an extraordinary aplogy to readers, the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine admitted violating its financial conflict-of-interest policy 19 times over the past three years in its selection of doctors to review new drug treatments.
       The weekly journal, considered one of the world's premier medical publications, disclosed in a recent issue of the journal that it let doctors who had financial ties to the drug makers write the articles.  "It was carelessness on our part," Dr. Marcia Angell, Editor-in-Chief said in an interview.  The violations involve the journal's "Drug Therapy" feature, a series of reviews about the latest drug treatments for particular illnesses.
       In each of the 19 cases, the journal failed to disqualify authors even though they had revealed their financial ties to the featured story up front, Angell said.  Some editors knew of the practice and overlooked it.  Angell said the journal solicits authors to write the reviews but it is supposed to bar those who have directly or indirectly received "major research support" or payment as a consultant from companies that make drugs prominently discussed in those articles.

    SOURCE: Article, "Medical Journal Apologizes," by Linda A. Johnson, Associated Press, February 23, 2000.

  74. Breast Milk Enhances Brain Development, Study Says

    A Dutch study provides further evidence that breast milk is better than formula for child brain development.  In a study of 526 children traced over nine years, scientists found that children breast fed for at least three weeks were half as likely to suffer from neurological abnormalities, such as coordination problems, compared with those fed formula.  Previous studies have linked breast milk to increased intelligence.  This study focused on neurological development, including reflexes and basic movement abilities.  Many scientists speculate that long-chain fatty acids in breast milk, which are not in formula, foster brain development.

    SOURCE: First published in The Lancet, a medical journal. Date unknown.

  75. Chiropractic Adjustments Reduce Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

       Fibromyalgia disables muscles and muscular tissue fibers.  Those who suffer from this epidemic are in constant pain, sleep poorly, feel fatigued and are depressed.  So far, little relief or treatment is available, but there is good news - Chiropractic adjustments are helping to reduce the symptoms of Fibromyalgia.
       John C. Lowe, M.A., D.C. in Houston, Texas recently concluded a year-long study supporting chiropractic care as a proper and effective treatment for Fibromyalgia.  He found repetitive adjustments reduced muscle inflammation and reduced pain.  His report is timely.  Some chiropractors have been under attack for adjusting Fibromyalgia patients.  But, as more and more patients turn to chiropractic, support is growing.
       Rheumatologist Dr. Frederick Wolfe, a well-known investigator of Fibromyalgia, clinical professor, Department of Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, pointed out chiropractic does help.  Wolfe and his colleagues, recently completed a study showing chiropractic among the most effective Fibromyalgia treatments. 
       Dr. Bernard Rubin conducted a study at the Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine.  He studied the effects of spinal manipulation, drugs and placebos on Fibromyalgia patients.  One group received only placebos, the second only manipulation, the third were given drugs and the fourth, drugs with manipulation.  Results showed drugs were effective, but manipulation improved the patients most, giving them a better sense of well-being.

    SOURCE: "Fibromyalgia: Are Chiropractic Adjustments Appropriate?". John Lowe, M.A., D.C., ChiroWeb/DC archives

    *At Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic, Dr. Levesque focuses heavily on Fibromyalgia and treats many of these patients. Make sure to read some of our Fibromyalgia testimonials. 


     Chiropractic Care Successful In Treating Herniated Discs - Case Study 

       Surgery is no longer the only remedy for herniated discs.   A recent case study shows chiropractic care is a viable treatment option.  The case study involved a 34 year old man who suffered from neck, lower back and radicular pain for a period of one year.  MRIs showed a cervical disc herniation.  Multiple medical specialists offered treatment, proving little or no results.
       The patient underwent chiropractic treatment, primarily upper cervical adjusting by hand.  A dramatic improvement was noted after a one-month period.  A follow-up re-examination one year later proved surgery was not necessary.  Chiropractic treatments corrected the condition above.

    SOURCE: Dr. Kirk Erikson, Life University - Research, 15th Annual Upper Cervical Conference.

    *Dr. Levesque finds great results with herniated discs using Gonstead Chiropractic care. 


     Chiropractic Alleviates Migraines

       If you have problems with migraine headaches, you should consider chiropractic as your treatment of choice.  According to a recent study, migraines can be alleviated by chiropractic adjustments.
       A six-month study by the Chiropractic Research Center of Macquarie University tested 127 volunteers aged 10-70 to determine the efficacy of chiropractic in treating migraine headaches.  The volunteers had to experience a minimum of one migraine per month to be included in the study.  Each had to maintain a headache diary, recording migraine frequency, intensity, duration, diability, associated symptoms and the medications used for relief.
       Sixteen chiropractic adjustments were administered to each subject throughout the course of the study.  22% of th eparticipants reported a 90% reduction of their migraines because of the treatments received.  50% more participants said the intensity of the migraines were now less severe.
       According to the study, migraines can be treated by chiropractic care.  It also appears that chiropractic effects the physical conditions that cuase the migraines, such as stress.

    SOURCE: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, February 2000, Vol. 23, No. 2

    *At Blue Ridge Family Chiropractic, Dr. Levesque uses a combination of N.A.E.T. and Gonstead Chiropractic treatments get the best results with migraine headaches. 

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